Dangers of Myopia Degeneration
Central retinal stretching and thinning may lead to macular staphylomas, macular geographical atrophy, myopic lacquer cracks and even myopic macular choroidal neovascularization which may eventually lead to myopic macular degeneration. What does this all mean? It means that the macula (or central retina) within the eye may degenerate to a stage of atrophy (loss of photoreceptors), may crack resulting in retinal bleeding or further complications.
There are cases where the elongation of the eyeball causes damage to the central part of the retina (known as the macula), and may result in lacquer cracks and allow the growth of new blood vessels into the retina. The growth of these new blood vessels is known as choroidal neovascularization. These blood vessels may leak blood and affect the way light travels through to the back of the eye, resulting in distortion or loss of vision. Doctors term this condition as ‘Myopic Macular Degeneration’.
Myopic Macular Degeneration is seen as a serious condition and not to be taken lightly, as vision loss due to damage to the retina and macula will be irreversible. Early treatment is required to manage and halt the condition from progressing further. Without treatment, the vision loss (especially central vision) due to myopic macular degeneration may then pose inconveniences or dangers to the daily life of the patient.
Myopic degeneration is also dangerous simply because the early symptoms of retinal or macular degeneration are gradual. Despite loss of central vision, peripheral vision is hardly affected and the result is still a quality of vision that is highly functional at the early onset.
Statistically, persons suffering from high myopia are at a greater risk of developing myopic macular degeneration and other conditions such as retinal detachment.