Our eye works very much like a camera. Just like a camera, our eyes have a clear glass window at the front (our cornea), the aperture (our pupil), the focussing lens (our crystalline lens) and the film (our retina). The retina is the house of our photoreceptors, the very cells responsible for the creation of images which are then transmitted to our brain. That makes the retina the most critical aspect of our eye that we should aim to preserve for as long as we can.
With age, just as our body degenerates, our eyes also show aging or degenerative changes in different forms, such as cataract, glaucoma, dry eyes, droopy eyelids, etc. Unknown to many, our retina is susceptible to retinal degeneration in many different forms too. Lets briefly look at the different types or retinal degeneration and begin to understand how we can prevent or treat them.
Eye wellness describes a state where our eyes are able to ‘look good, feel good and see well’.
Many factors may affect how your eyes ‘look’ and ‘feel’ despite seemingly good vision. These range from how dry our eyes are to eyelid problems to corneal surface problems. At the same time, good eye nutrition and good reading habits are essential for a healthy state of our eyes.
Can Myopia really be prevented?
Although it is true that Myopia is hereditary, it is also true that we can take steps to prevent Myopia from rising in our children. While we cannot reverse the onset of Myopia, we can definitely reduce or slow it down. The first step is to detect Myopia early!
A common misconception about Glaucoma – which is a form of eye disease leading to optic nerve damage and therefore loss of vision – is that it only affects the elderly. Depending on the specific type of Glaucoma, the disease can develop at any age – even babies can suffer from congenital Glaucoma.
A Cataract is the clouding of the lens in the human eye, which impairs the vision and makes it hard to do even the simplest task.
Almost everyone will experience Floaters at some point in their lives. While 90% of Floaters are benign and harmless, about 10% of Floaters may signify a retinal tear, retinal detachment or retinal bleeding in the eye. It is therefore advisable to have your Floaters checked to determine which category they belong to.
Any underlying cause of Floaters such as retinal tears, detachment or bleeding are best treated as early as possible.