Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment
People with prolonged diabetes mellitus are at risk of diabetic eye changes such as retinal microvascular bleeding and leakage. These changes manifest themselves as bleeding spots in the retina and macular swelling. Both diabetic bleeding and macular swelling can be averted by either eye injections or laser surgery depending on the severity.
What Is Diabetic Retinopathy?This is a complication which affects the retinal tissue in diabetic people. It involves the growth of abnormal blood vessels (neovascularisation) at the back of the eye caused by high blood sugar levels. At the beginning, there may be no symptoms. What this means is the disease can progress without you even knowing about it unless you examine your eyes on the regular. When the issue gets worse, it can lead to blindness. Diabetic retinopathy befalls people with type 1 or 2 diabetes. If it is not treated, it can cause further complications like diabetic macular edema.
- Blurred vision
- Empty or dark spots
- Change in colour perception
- Fluctuating vision
- Loss of vision
- Floaters (dark strings drifting in the eyes)
What Are the Risk Factors?Although retinopathy is mostly found in people diagnosed with diabetes, it is not uncommon for other individuals to have the condition. Here are the most risk factors:
- Type 1 diabetes - those patients are more vulnerable to developing the disease than type 2 diabetes sufferers;
- Kidney impairment - it could lead to vision problems, although in most cases it is retinopathy that causes kidney issues rather than the other way around;
- Poor blood pressure control;
- Pregnancy - if you have existing retinopathy, pregnancy can speed up eye impairment; expecting mothers who are physically healthy still risk developing the deformity over time;
- High cholesterol;
- Ill-controlled levels of blood sugar - understandably, diabetics who do not monitor their condition or follow the necessary dietary modifications put themselves at risk for developing retinopathy;
- Gender - it appears that male patients are more likely to suffer from retinopathy than female diabetics;
- Genetic predisposition - the disease can be passed down from generation to generation.