Macular HoleA Macular Hole, as the term suggests, is a hole which forms at the central macula. It results in decreased vision centrally or a gap in the central vision.
It forms due to over-stretching of the retina (in Myopia) or too much traction from the vitreous gel centrally.
Treatment requires surgical removal of the vitreous traction and placing a gas bubble tamponade to allow the hole to close on its own. The chance of Macular Hole closure is better when the hole size is small. Therefore, it is important not to delay Macular Hole surgery once it has been detected.