What are the caues of Central Serous Chorioretinopathy/Central Serous Retinopathy?
Causes of Central Serous Retinopathy are not clearly understood, although there are certain risk factors identified that contribute to the likelihood of developing this condition.
Risk factors for CSR are:
- High Stress Lifestyle
- Type A personality
- Usage of steroid medication and other hyperdynamic circulatory drugs.
- Pregnancy/Recently Pregnant
- Usage of other drugs such as stimulants/decongestants
It is believed that usage of corticosteroid medication may also possibly lead to developing or worsening Central Serous Chorioretinopathy. These steroids are commonly found in nose sprays used for managing allergy symptoms and anti-inflammatory external use creams for skin. These drugs, depending on the region you live in, can be readily available over-the-counter. In Singapore, there are a number of over-the-counter products that can be purchased without a prescription from a medical practitioner.
A link has been found between Central Serous Retinopathy and persons with a “Type A” personality and/or persons undergoing emotional duress as a risk factor. It is believed that the body possibly produces substances that act like corticosteroids during times of stress, and may contribute or set off the development of Central Serous Chorioretinopathy in a person that is already susceptible or prone to it.
When investigated, roughly about half the patients suffering from Central Serous Chorioretinopathy have at least one relative with traces of this condition upon examination. This leads us to believe that genes may play a role in the susceptibility of a person to this condition. However no specific inheritance patterns have been found or identified thus far.