What is Myopia (Short-sightedness)?
Myopia is caused by an elongation of the eyeball, resulting in the inability to focus on far objects properly. This poorly focussed light when projected onto the retina, is translated by our brains as a blurred image – hence the blurred vision. The condition starts during the patients’ growing years as children and is observed even as early as during the infantile years. As such, we cannot stress more the importance of detecting myopia as early as we can. Early detection and management of myopia can reduce the loss of visual acuity and help to avoid many complications and conditions associated with severe myopia.
In the long term, high degrees of myopia can increase the risk and likelihood of the patient developing conditions that may eventually result in blindness. You may have come across some of these complications — retinal detachment, glaucoma and even increases the risk of developing cataracts early. Research has shown, with a higher the degree of myopia in a person, a corresponding increase in risk of developing these conditions can be observed.